Patrick Henry Appoints New Justices

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Commission & Peace

     for

Botetourt

Novr. 23d. 78

 

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COMMONWEALTH of VIRGINIA

TO William Fleming, George Skillion, Benjamin Estill, Andrew Woods,

William Madison, William McClenahan, Adam Smyth, Patrick

Lockhart, Thomas Lewis, George Rutledge, William Hamilton,

Thomas Rowland, John Armstrong, Robert Poa{y}e, James Barnett,

Samuel {P}ason, & Joshua Martin ____

 

Gentlemen, greeting: You, and every of you, jointly and severally, are, by these Presents, constituted and assigned Justices, to

Keep the Peace in the County of Botetourt____ and required to keep,

Or cause to be kept, all Ordinances and Laws of the said Commonwealth, made for the Good of the Peace and for the Conservation of the same, and for the Quiet, Rule, and Government of the People, in all and every the Articles thereof, in the said County, according

To the Force, Form, and Effect of the same; and to chastise and punish all Persons offending against the Forms of the those Ordinances

And Laws of the said Commonwealth, or any of them, in the County aforesaid; and to cause to come before you, or any of you,

All those Persons who shall threaten the good People, either in their Bodies or burning their Houses, to find sufficient Security for

The Peace, or for their good Behaviour towards the said Commonwealth and the People, and if they shall refuse to find such Security,

then to cause them to be kept safe in Prison until they find such Security. You, or any four or more of you, whereof any of you

William Fleming George Shillion Benjamin Estill Andrew Woods____

William Madison, William McClenahan Adam Smyth Patrick Lockhart

or Thomas Lewis ____ ____

 

shall be one, are so assigned to meet at the usual Place of holding Courts in the County aforesaid, according to Law, to hear and

determine all Suits, Controversies, and Debates, between Party and Party, doing therein what to Justice appertaineth, according to the

Laws and Ordinances of the said Commonwealth, with Power likewise to you, and every of yon, to take Depositions and Examinations,

Upon Oath, for the better Manifestation of the Truth, in all such Matters and Causes as come before you,; and to keep, or cause to

Be kept, all Orders of Court, Orders of Council, and Proclamations, directed to you, or coming to your Hands from the Governour or

Chief Magistrate for the Time being, and the Council of State, of the said Commonwealth, and to punish the Offenders and Breakers

Of the same, according to the Laws and Ordinances thereof: And farther, to keep, or cause the Clerk of your Court to keep,

Records of all Judgments, Rules, and Orders, decided or agreed upon by you, or any four or more of you, whereof any of you the

Last mentioned Justices shall be one: And farther, you, and every of you, are commanded diligently to intend the keeping of the

Peace, and the Laws and Ordinances of the said Commonwealth, and all and singular other the Premises. The Sheriff of the said

County of Botetourt____ is also, by these Presents, commanded, at those certain Days and

Places which the Law doth appoint, to cause to come before you, or any four or more of you (whereof any one of you the said last

mentioned Justices shall be one) such and so many good and lawful Men of his Bailiwick[1] by whom the Truth of the Matter may be

the better known and inquired of. Witness PATRICK HENRY, Esquire, Governour or chief Magistrate of the said Commonwealth,

at the Council Chamber in Williamsburg, the twenty third____

Day of November____ One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy eight

 

  1. Henry [signature]

 

 

—————

 

Date: November 23rd, 1778

Subject: Appointment of Judges

Author: Patrick Henry

Keywords: William Fleming, George Skillion, Benjamin Estill, Andrew Woods, William Madison, William McClenahan, Adam Smyth, Patrick Lockhart, Thomas Lewis, George Rutledge, William Hamilton, Thomas Rowland, John Armstrong, Robert Poa{y}e, James Barnett, Samuel {P}ason, Joshua Martin, Patrick Henry, Botetourt, Bailiwick

Summary: Patrick Henry appointing 17 new justices in Botetourt County, as well as outlining their specific duties and obligations.

 

 

 

[1] District of Jurisdiction

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